CV Structure

What are the most important aspects of your CV? Find out in just 6 short steps!
Step 1: Personal Details
    • Name
    • Address
    • Phone numbers
    • Email address
    • LinkedIn username or hyperlink to your profile

*Top Tip!

It is no longer necessary to include your date of birth or marital status!

Step 2: Personal Profile / Career Objectives

brief introductory paragraph to highlight your suitability to the position, your relevant soft skills and where your previous experience matches the current requirements.

*Top Tips!

    • Try to avoid common clichés such as team player, dependable, committed, etc.
    • Amend the personal profile part of your CV for each individual application – this will ensure it stands out and doesn’t come across as too generic.
Step 3: Education & Professional Qualifications
    • List the most recent first, including graduation year and University/Institute names
    • State the level of your qualifications (e.g. Diploma, Ordinary Degree, Honours Degree, Masters or Level 6, 7, 8 or 9) – many organisations have minimum qualification requirements for certain roles
    • Include professional memberships
    • Include any other relevant training
Step 4: Work History and Achievements

Work History:

    • Outline in detail your work history beginning with the most recent.
    • Use bold font to highlight company name, the position you held and dates of employment.
    • Use bullet points to list responsibilities and achievements.
    • Remember to include your start and finish dates (e.g. March 2016 – December 2019).
    • Explain any ‘gaps’ in employment (e.g. Return to full-time education or Travelling).


List in bullet point format any additional skills or achievements that are relevant for your career, e.g.

    • Specific computer systems.
    • Technical skills you are proficient in.
    • Fluency in other languages.

*Top Tips!

    • Busy interviewers love bullet points as they keep your points neat and concise.
    • Lead with your strongest section – if your education is stronger than your career history put this in first and vice versa.
Step 5: Hobbies and Interests

Outline what you like to do in your spare time – many organisations like to see a healthy work-life balance and often your leisure interests say a lot about the type of person you are. They may also reflect the qualities relevant to the role you are applying for.

Step 6: References

You can provide contact details of your referees, but it is perfectly acceptable to state ‘Available on Request’.

If you are listing referees, make sure that

    • They are relevant to the sector you are applying to.
    • They are happy to provide a reference for you.
    • Their contact details are up to date.